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Notes on the genera Andropromachus Carl, 1913 and Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2007
Authors:F. H. Hennemann
Journal:Phasmid Studies
Volume:15
Issue:1&2
Start Page:15
Pagination:15-26
Date Published:03/2007
ISSN:09660011
Keywords:Andropromachus, Andropromachus bicolor, egg, lectotypes, Lonchodinae, Menexenus modificatus, Neohirasea, new synonyms, Phasmatodea, Pseudocentema, Qiongphasma, Spiniphasma, Spinohirasea, Spinohirasea bengalensis comb. nov., Vietnam
Abstract:

A review of the genera Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 and Andropromachus Carl, 1913 is provided. Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 has erroneously been synonymised with Spiniphasma Chen & He, 2000. The latter genus is shown to be a junior synonym of Andropromachus Carl, 1913 (syn. nov.) and consequently Spinohirasea Zompro is re-established as a valid genus (stat. rev.). Spinohirasea crassithorax Zompro, 2001 is a junior synonym of Menexenus bengalensis Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907 (syn. nov.), hence M. bengalensis Brunner von Wattenwyl is transferred to Spinohirasea Zompro, 2001 (comb. nov,). The eggs of Spinohirasea bengalensis (Brunner von Wattenwyl) are described and illustrated for the first time. Illustrations and measurements of the female and male of S. bengalensis (Brunner von Wattenwyl) are provided, along with notes on the origin of the culture-stock PSG 272, captive breeding, alternative food plants and biology. Menexenus modificatus Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907 was erroneously synonymised with Neohirasea maerens (Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907) and is here shown to represent a synonym of Promachus (?) bicolor Kirby, 1904 (syn. nov.). Lectotypes are designated for Andropromachus bicolor (Kirby, 1904) and Menexenus modificatus Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907.

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